Use a direct quote when the concept is difficult to paraphrase, the author's wording is of utmost importance, or the quotation is needed to provide authority on the topic. USE DIRECT QUOTES ONLY WHEN ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY.
As far as fantastical ideas, "the extent to which a real idea conforms to its archetype determines its adequacy" (Tsanoff, 1953, p. 336).
If a quotation is more than 40 words, use a BLOCK QUOTATION.
The defintion of spectrum by the National Institute of Health (n.d.) further identifies Autistic Spectrum Disorder:
The term “spectrum” refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment or disability that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms, while others are severely disabled. The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) no longer includes Asperger’s syndrome; the characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome are included within the broader category of ASD. ("What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?," para. 2)
APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition (2019) was consulted in creating this guide.