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Sociology Class Supplement: Music Research Paper

Databases for Research

Quoting Lyrics in Your Paper

If you are quoting poetry or lyrics less than four lines, put a slash (/) between the lines to mark the line break.

In his song "Mona Lisa" (Cole, 1950), Nat King Cole wonders why a girl he knows has been nicknamed after the painting, asking her, "Is this your way to hide a broken heart?/ Many dreams have been brought to your doorstep/ They just lie there and they die there." 


If you are quoting poetry or lyrics four lines or longer, block quote by indenting ten spaces from the left.


Nat King Cole tells the subject of the song why he and others have nicknamed the her "Mona Lisa":

           Mona Lisa, Mona Lisa, men have named you.

           You're so like the lady with the mystic smile.

           Is it only 'cause you're lonely they have blamed you

          For that Mona Lisa strangeness in your smile? (Cole, 1950)



Citing Your Audio Visual Sources

Audiovisual Materials include movies, music, varieties of artwork, and television shows. Remember to include the medium in brackets after the title. For specific reference formats, see pp. 341-347 in the Publication Manual of the APA, 7h Edition.

Motion pictures and videos:

Producer Last, A.A. (Producer), & Director Last, B.B. (Director). (Year). Title of motion picture [Motion Picture]. City or Country of Studio: Studio.


Music Recordings (entire album):

Recording artist (year of release). Title of album [Album]. Record label.

Music Recordings (individual song):

Recording artist. (Year of release). Title of song [Song]. On Title of album [Album]. Record label. 

YouTube Videos:

User or group that uploaded the video. (Date of publication). Title of video [Video]. Website host. URL.

If no author's name is found, use the contributor's screen name in its place.

Citing Your Textbook

The book category can include reference books, multi-chapter books, and eBooks - both subscription or free.

Print Book or eBook: Last, A.A. (year). Title of book. Publisher.

Paludi, M. (2012). The psychology of love. Praeger.


Citing Your Textbook

Books with two or more authors list all the authors, as they appear on the title sheet.

Last, A.A., Last, B.B., Last, C.C., & Last, D.D. (year of publication). Title of Book (# edition). Publisher.


Online Book: Last, A.A. & Last, B.B. (years). Title of book. [eBook edition]. Publisher. URL